Dijital Tarihçe Sözlüğü: API, BlOG, CSS, FTP, HTML, SQL, XML...

Digital History Glossary

This glossary of terms is intended to provide departments and committees evaluating scholars with brief definitions of some of the terms, concepts, and tools they may encounter in project descriptions, research statements, and evaluations. Based upon a glossary developed by the Doing Digital History summer institute team at the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media in 2016, it has been expanded by members of the AHA's digital history working group. While it covers many important digital humanities and related technological terms but cannot include every relevant concept. Users of the glossary should also see this as defining aspects of the field of digital history about which they should be familiar when working with digital historians, planning to create positions that will include digital work, or otherwise exploring the role digital tools and methodologies play in our discipline.

3D models: A computational method for spatial analysis. Three-dimensional visualizations are created by specialized software using geometric data. Objects can be created, placed in scenes, and produced in physical form by 3D printers. Within 3D modeling there is variation between models which are static, such as re-creations of architectural spaces, and models which are meant to be experienced, such as those used in simulations which can be explored. Sketchup, which has a free version, is the most widely used 3D software in digital humanities (https://www.sketchup.com/). 3D models are also being created in game development platforms, such as Unity Game Engine.

Algorithm: an unambiguous set of instructions telling a computer what to do and how to do it.

API (Application Program Interface): Software that allows two web applications to communicate. Commonly used to access data in an online database. Museums, libraries and archives can provide an API as a way to share their databases, providing users with the ability to gather large quantities of data more efficiently than with the search tools and interfaces provided for the database.

Augmented reality, AR: A form of visualization that overlays information on a user's view of a real world environment and the objects in, to create a composite picture that alters perception of the environment (as distinct from VR which replaces the real world environment with a simulation). AR is commonly displayed on smartphones and tablets, using the device's camera and GPS to determine what information to display and where to display it. Uses of AR in digital humanities include augmenting locations with historical photographs of the place, augmenting classical statues with the colors in which they were originally painted, and augmenting displays with additional descriptions.

Backend (aka control panel or dashboard): Administrative side of software where you can make technical and content changes that is not visible or accessible to visitors to the site (not public-facing).

Blog: A website that contains discrete, short, often informal entries (posts) that appear in reverse chronological order and can combine text, multimedia and links. Originally a form of online diary that allowed readers to leave public comments to which authors could respond, blogs have evolved into venues for commentary on a variety of topics by public figures, institutions and journalists as well as individuals, including scholars. Most blogs are published using free content management systems designed for that purpose such as WordPress and Blogger, and are freely available.

Born digital: Material that originates in digital form; in contrast to material that is digitized, which originated in another form. Common forms of born digital content are digital photographs, web pages, and electronic records like email and spreadsheets.

CMS (Content Management System): A computer program that allows content to be published edited, and modified from a central interface. A CMS typically provides an interface that removes the need for the use to write code, although that option is also often available. CMSs are often used to run websites containing blogs and digital collections.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets): A markup language to modify the design and appearance of of a webpage. Used in conjunction with HTML to create online content.

CSV (Comma Separated Values): A file with a set of information, where each value is separated by a comma or other specific character (; | / ). Can be created with spreadsheet software like Excel, Google Sheets, Numbers; when a spreadsheet is saved as a CSV file, the values in the rows and columns are separated by a comma or other specified character. Most databases and many CMS platforms (i.e. Omeka) and digital tools can import csv files, making them a commonly used means of transferring information.

Computational methods/tools: Programming and software that analyzes data; the most commonly used methods in digital humanities are text analysis, spatial analysis, and network analysis. Using computational methods requires transforming historical sources into data by extracting information and features, and creating structured data by normalizing them to fit the chosen categories in service of particular research goals. The results of computational analysis are generally presented in visualizations, such as maps, graphs and charts.

Corpus Linguistics: Builds on text analysis to elucidate meaning by examining syntactic and semantic structures larger than single words. A corpus of texts is annotated with tags for parts of speech, and for the different modifying functions and relations that a word can have in different contexts. The corpus is analyzed by combining search and colocation to use context to establish the meaning of a word.

Data cleaning: The process of detecting and correcting (or removing) incomplete records or data with inconsistent spelling or formatting from a database.

Database: A form of structured data in which related information is organized into fields (a single item of data), records (a complete set of fields; a row in a spreadsheet) and files (a collection of records). Also software that enables you to enter, organize, store, and retrieve information in a database.

Digitization: The conversion of analog content into a digital format. The creation of digital images by photography or scanning is the common form of digitisation, used in the case of documents, photographs, artworks, or objects. Sound and moving images can also be digitised, by re-recording video and audio onto digital media. See also JPEG; TIFF.

Digital Archive: A collection of digitized sources organized, described with metadata, and made accessible through an online interface. In the context of digital humanities, the term generally refers to a collection brought together online from a variety of different physical collections and locations. Archivists would generally not consider such a collection to be an archive; in that field, the term archive is only used to refer to material created by the originating organization or person, or by a third party brought together in a repository.

Distant Reading: From Franco Moretti, a term for using text analysis to look for patterns over large corpora of texts.

DOI (Digital object identifier): A managed, persistent link to an online publication. To obtain a DOI you must register with a DOI Registration Agency, which collects metadata about publications and assigns them DOI names. If the url of the publication changes, the publisher must update the DOI metadata for the DOI to continue to link to the publication.

Domain name, domain: A unique identifier for a resource on the internet such as a web server, web site or web app; used in place of the numerical addresses employed by internet protocols, as part of a URL. Domain names are used to establish a unique identity for a project. Anyone can lease a domain name by registering it with a domain name registrars, who charges an annual fee. A domain name can include one of a number of top level domains, with .org, .net., and .com being the most common (.edu domains are restricted to educational institutions and .gov domains to government institutions). Second level domains, what precedes the top level domain, is a string of text and numbers up to 253 characters. Individuals, organizations and projects often use their name as a second level domain

Dublin Core: An internationally recognized metadata standard for describing any conceivable resource, comprised of 15 elements, including "title," "description," "date," and "format." Dublin Core is used in Omeka, an open source content management system for publishing resources online widely used in digital humanities.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Client: A program that lets a user transfer files from your computer to a web server so that it can be available or viewed online.

GIS (Geographic Information Systems): Software that combines a database and a mapping application to relate information to a location. ARC-GIS is the best known example of this software; it is a commercial product with a steep learning curve designed primarily for social scientists working with quantitative data. An open source alternative is QGIS. See also Web Mapping.

Georeferencing: Transforming place names and addresses into coordinates for mapping.

GIF: A lossless image file format now most commonly used for images containing animations. See also TIFF

Github: An open source platform for sharing code and any other kinds of files.

GLAM: Acronym for Galleries Libraries Archives Museums.

Hosting; see Web Hosting

HTML (HyperText Markup Language): A markup language that uses tags to describe the structure of what something will look like online, and specifying the format of text (font, bold, italics), the header of a page, etc. HTML is now commonly used in conjunction with CSS, another markup language that modifies the design and appearance of HTML elements and offers an easier way of creating the style of a site.

JPEG: An image format that uses lossy compression - which compresses images by discarding some data when they are edited and saved. The most commonly used format in digital cameras and for storing and transmitting image files online. See also TIFF.

KML (Keyhole Markup Language); KMZ file: An XML-based markup language that uses tags to describe geographic information about a place that can be displayed on maps. Originally developed for Google Earth. KMZ files are compressed KML files.

LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP/Python): An open source software bundle that is used to create web sites and web applications: Linux is the operating system, Apache is the webserver, MySQL is the database, PHP/Python is the scripting language.

LMS (Learning Management System): A content management system designed for teaching and learning, offering the ability to organize content by classes and courses, design quizzes, and manage grades and monitor the activity of students. The best known example is Blackboard.

Lossless compression; see TIFF; GIF

Lossy compression; see JPEG

Machine Learning: Algorithms that automate analysis by taking a sample of training data and progressively building a statistical model to categorize or classify data. Commonly used when the features and patterns of the data are too fuzzy to make it feasible to use strict instructions to sort the data.

Markup language: A computer language that uses tags to define elements within a document. The language contains standard words rather than code so is human readable. The two most popular markup languages are HTML and XML. Historians and literary scholars often use an adaptation of XML called TEI to identify and mark up particular non-technical elements of a document (e.g. people or places). See also KML

Metadata: Data about data, or information that describes an item. Metadata is what you read in library catalog records or museum collections management systems. Standardized metadata uses agreed-on spelling, language, date formats etc in order to allow metadata to be compared. Metadata standards or schemas are sets of structured and standardized metadata, developed to describe resources for a particular purpose or community. Dublin Core is a widely used metadata standard for describing digital and physical resources.

Named Entity Recognition (NER): A form of Natural Language Processing that uses algorithms that identify words referring to people, places, and organizations.

Natural Language Processing (NLP):Algorithms that identify features of language such as the part of speech for each word, the basic form of a word (lemmatization), nouns that refer to real world entities like people, places, events, and organizations (NER), and the relationship of the words in a sentence (dependency parsing)

Network Analysis: A computational method that uses network graphs to visualize and measure non-spatial relationships between people, groups or information. These graphs render the components of the network as nodes and the relationships between them as edges or links and allow multiple types of both nodes and edges. The resulting networks can describe which entities are most central to those relationships, or the density or degree of centralization of the whole network. Gephi has been the open source network visualization software most commonly used in the digital humanities (https://gephi.org/).

OCR (Optical Character Recognition): Software that converts digital images (photographs, scans) of text to machine readable text that can be analyzed with computational methods. Generally only effective for text in modern typefaces (although machine learning algorithms are being developed to convert older typefaces and handwriting).

Omeka: An open-source content management system which uses an item (object/image/document) as the primary piece (as opposed to WordPress, which uses the post) and Dublin Core metadata to describe items. Omeka is commonly used for the creation of digital collections and for exhibitions based on those collections, and by archives, libraries and museums, and in classrooms. www.omeka.org

Open access: Material made freely available online. Usually refers to published peer-reviewed research made available without cost to the reader.

Open source: Software whose source code is made freely available and can be modified and redistributed, encouraging open collaboration on development of the software. Examples widely used in the field of digital humanities are content management systems such as WordPress, Omeka, and Scalar, and computational tools such as Voyant and Gephi.

Plugin: Software that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program. Used in WordPress and Omeka.

Programming language: A formal languages consisting of instructions for computers, used to create programs that implement specific algorithms telling a computer what to do and how to do it. Each language has its own vocabulary and a syntax or grammar for organizing instructions. Languages commonly used in digital humanities include R, Python, Javascript, and Ruby/Ruby on Rails.

Responsive web design: The design of web pages to render well on a variety of devices and windows or screen sizes. Since the default design for web pages generally assumes they will be viewed on a computer monitor, responsive web design means ensuring that those pages also render well on a phone or tablet.

Scalar: An open source content management system for publishing long-form digital texts. It is designed to allow for publications to be organized in nested, recursive and non-linear formats, and annotation of a variety of media. https://scalar.me/anvc/scalar/

Server; see Web Server

Spatial analysis: A computational method that involves mapping and other forms of visualization that employ spatial data to analyze historical processes. Mapping involves georeferencing location information to generate coordinates that can be mapped and visualizing that data using GIS software, web mapping platforms, or programming with open source tools such as Leaflet and Openlayers.

SQL (Structured Query Language): A programming language used to query, insert, update and modify data in a database. WordPress uses SQL to manage the database that stores information about your site, one component of a CMS.

Structured Data: Data organized in database or with markup tags, where each element fits a field in a table or has a label in a markup language. Structured data can be analyzed using computational methods. See also unstructured data.

SVG (Scalable Vector Graphic): An XML-based image format; as it is based on markup language, an SVG image can be edited as code in a text editor. SVG images can be created in graphics software such as Adobe Illustrator and Sketch.

Text analysis (aka as text mining): The computational analysis of textual data – words - in digitized documents. Algorithms identify words by looking for spaces and punctuation, a process called tokenization. The simplest form of text analysis discards word order to count the frequency of words in a corpus of documents. Voyant is an open source tool for simple text analysis (https://voyant-tools.org/). This form of text analysis can also be used to measure and compare the similarity of texts by counting the words and phrases they have in common. Other forms of text analysis build on those algorithms to try to identify the semantic relationships between words, and consequently the concepts in texts; see Corpus Linguistics; Distant reading; Topic Modeling.

TEI (Text Encoding Initiative): A set of guidelines that define an XML markup language format to tag textual components (eg word, sentence) and concepts (eg person, place). TEI is widely used in literary studies and in digital editions of texts.

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format); TIF: An image file format supported by a wide variety of software that uses lossless compression - meaning no image quality is lost when the file is edited or saved -- and consequently is the file format used for preserving images. Other common lossless file formats are PNG and GIF. See also JPEG.

Tool: A term for software used in the digital humanities.

Topic modeling: Builds on text analysis using algorithms that capture semantic features by identifying clusters of words – topics -- that are more likely to appear in proximity to each other. The algorithm divides the texts into as many topics as the user specifies to produce a model of the possible themes of the corpus. It is up to the researcher to determine the meaning of those topics; a topic could capture stylistic features or systematic OCR errors as well as themes.

Unstructured Data: Data that is not organized in a database or with markup tags. The text documents that humanities scholars commonly study, for example, are unstructured data; they can have elements of structure, such as the date, sender and recipient information in a letter, but not all the text fits those categories. Information in unstructured data needs to be tagged in a consistent way or extracted and organized in a database before it can be analyzed using computational methods such as mapping and network analysis. Unstructured textual data can be analyzed with computational methods such as text analysis, topic modeling and corpus linguistics. See also structured data.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator): Commonly referred to as a web address, a url specifies the location of a web site or web application and a mechanism for retrieving it. It is usually displayed in a web browser above the page in an address bar. A typical url includes a protocol for how the data is transmitted (usually http or https), a domain name identifying the location of the web site (eg historians.org), and a file name (eg index.html) identifying a specific part of the web site.

Virtual reality, VR: An computer-generated simulation that immerses the user in a three-dimensional environment with which they can interact. Current technology uses headsets to generate images, sounds and sensations, and sometimes augmented by controllers to transmit vibrations and other tactile sensations.

Visualization, data visualization: Placing data in a visual context in order to analyze and communicate it; encompasses images, diagrams, graphs, maps and animations. Most computational methods produce visualizations. Visualizations in digital humanities are commonly research tools produced to explore data, but they can also be used to communicate arguments.

Web application, Web app: Software that runs in a web browser rather than on your computer desktop. Web apps are stored on web servers rather than installed on your computer. See also API.

Web archive: Content collected from the web in order to preserve and provide long term access to information available online. Collection is typically done automatically using web crawlers. The information collected includes web pages, CSS style sheets, images, video and metadata. The largest web archiving organization is the Internet Archive, which aims to archive the whole web. National and local agencies are also creating web archives of specific domains.

Web crawler, aka spider: An internet bot that systematically browses the web. Generally used for indexing the web, but also to automatically collect data for web archiving

Web hosting: Providing a web server on which files, instances of CMS and web publishing platforms, and web applications/software can be made available on the internet. Some free hosting is available, usually only for specific platforms and with limited functionality and advertising. For example, a free WordPress site is available through WordPress.com, and a free Omeka site is available through omeka.net. Users of that hosting do not need to manage the servers in anyway, so they are easy to use, but in both instances only some of the platforms features are available. A dedicated or managed hostingservice leases space on its web servers, on which clients can store files and install software of their choice. Dedicated hosting requires an annual payment and some knowledge to manage. Both the cost and skill required are diminishing. Reclaim Hosting is a service widely used in higher education in the US, and offers hosting beginning at $30/year (2018) and one-click install of platforms such as WordPress, Omeka and Scalar that handles the most complex aspects of installing software.

Web mapping: Platforms such as Google Maps that offer online access to geographical data and APIs that allow users to create custom maps. An alternative to GIS used widely in digital humanities. Open source web mapping software developed for the humanities include Neatline (a set of plugins for Omeka) and Palladio.

Web Page: a file written in HTML and stored on a web server connected to the internet.

Web Server, or Server: Refers to computers connected to the internet, and to the software they run that delivers files to the web in response to requests from other computers. See also LAMP

Web Site: a collection of web pages stored on a Web server connected to the internet. Web sites are now typically created by using a CMS such as WordPress or Omeka, but they can simply be a set of files written in HTML.

WordPress: An open source content management system originally developed for blogs. WordPress allows the creation of pages and posts; pages do not have a publication date and are intended for static content in a fixed location; posts have a publication date and appear in reverse chronological order, and can be tagged and categorized.Additional features can be added to a WordPress site by installing plugins.

WYSIWYG ("What You See Is What You Get"): Interfaces for editing content that display the content as it will appear when published. They provide an alternative to interfaces that display the tags and markup language used to make the content appear in that way. The classic WordPress editorial interface provided a tab to view the content as it would appear (Visual) and a second tab to view the markup that produced that appearance (Text).

XML (EXtensible Markup Language): A markup language that uses tags to describe the content that it is identifying: title, author, year, genre etc. XML files are a form of structured data that can be analyzed using computational methods.

Yapay Zeka Nedir? Uygulama Alanları Nelerdir?

13.07.2020 17:18:08

Zeka ve akıl gerektiren sorunlar yapay zeka sayesinde bilgisayar yardımıyla etkili bir biçimde çözülmektedir.


KOSGEB 3 Yıl Geri Ödemesiz Kredi Başvuru Şartları Neler? KOSGEB Faizsiz Kredi Başvurusu Nasıl Yapılır?

2.05.2021 19:47:00

Mikro işletmeler 30 bin liraya kadar, küçük işletmeler ise 75 bin liraya kadar destekten faydalanabilecek.


Milli Teknoloji Genel Müdürlüğü Görevleri Nedir?

15.04.2020 13:31:29

Milli Teknoloji Hamlesi'ni yürütmek, stratejik araştırma ve verimlilik için kritik öneme sahip 2 yeni genel müdürlük.


İleti Yönetim Sistemi (İYS) Nedir? İzinlerini Tek Noktadan Yönetin

16.03.2020 14:06:56

İYS'ye kayıt yaptırmadan, onayı olmayan alıcılara sesli arama, e-posta ya da sms ile ticari elektronik ileti gönderilemeyecek.


Büyük Veri (Big Data) Nedir? Büyük Veri'nin Özellikleri Nelerdir?

13.07.2020 18:38:45

Büyük veri nedir? Büyük verinin özellikleri nelerdir? Veri analizi nedir? Büyük veri 5V nedir?


Hal Kayıt Sistemi Nedir? HKS Mobil Ne İşe Yarar?

4.12.2019 16:13:53

Hal Kayıt Sisteminde 50 bine yakın kullanıcı bulunmaktadır. Hal Kayıt Sisteminin (HKS) amaçları nelerdir?


Cumhurbaşkanlığı "Dijital Dönüşüm" ofisinin görevleri

18.11.2019 11:49:09

Cumhurbaşkanlığı teşkilatındaki "Dijital Dönüşüm" ofisinin hizmet birimleri belirlenirken görevleri detaylandırıldı.


Bulut Teknolojisi Nedir? Ne işe Yarar?

10.07.2020 13:22:57

Bulut teknolojisi, dijital bir ağ aracılığıyla çoklu sunucu bağlantısı sağlar.


e-Dönüşüm sürecinde dikkatli olun

23.11.2019 18:06:17

Yıllık cirosu 5 milyon TL'yi aşan firmalar 01.07.2020'ye kadar e-Fatura, e-İrsaliye ve e-Arşiv'e zorunlu geçecek


Dijital Dönüşüm Nedir? D.D. Uygulamaları Hangileridir?

12.05.2020 22:28:54

Dijital Dönüşüm Nedir? İktidar sahibi olmanın yolu, dijital yaşama adapte olmaktan geçiyor.


Elektronik Ticaret Bilgi Sistemi (ETBİS) ve Elektronik Ticaret Bilgi Platformu Nedir? Ne İşe Yarar?

21.09.2020 09:44:40

Elektronik Ticaret Bilgi Sistemi'ni (ETBİS), Elektronik Ticaret Bilgi Platformu hayata geçirildi.


Dijital Pazarlamanın Geleceği Nedir?

29.12.2019 00:52:45

Dijital mecralarda yapılan reklam ve kampanyalar artarak devam edecek ve geleneksel yatırımlar azalacak.


2020’de İşini Dijitale Taşıyacaklara “Dijital Dönüşüm Rehberi”

26.10.2019 15:03:33

Dijitalleşme, rekabet edebilmek ve varlığını sürdürmek isteyen KOBİ'ler için hayati önem taşıyor.


Veri Madenciliği Nedir? Amacı ve Kullanım Alanları Nedir?

27.02.2021 14:53:21

Veri madenciliği, etkin veri toplama, depolama ve yorumlamaya dayanmaktadır.


2020 e-Dönüşüm Yılı Olacak

23.12.2019 23:51:41

Belgelerin dijital ortama taşınmasıyla e-Belge kullanan mükellef sayısının 300 bine çıkması öngörülüyor.


Bulut Bilişimin Özellikleri Nelerdir?

4.07.2020 11:24:25

Girişimciler artık yazılımlara servet ödemek yerine bulut'tan kiralayıp kullandıkları kadar ödeme yapıyor.


Teknoloji Odaklı Sanayi Hamlesine İlişkin Desteklenecek Ürünler ve Çağrı Takvimi Açıklandı!

6.03.2021 17:21:00

919 ürünü yerli imkan ve kabiliyetlerle üretecek yatırımların destekleneceği programın 2021 yılı çağrı planı açıklandı.


Bilgi ve İletişim Güvenliği Rehberi Yayımlandı!

23.09.2020 15:16:10

Cumhurbaşkanlığı genelgesi doğrultusunda "Bilgi ve İletişim Güvenliği Rehberi" yayımlandı.


Sanal POS Nedir, Sanal POS Nasıl Alınır?

3.03.2021 16:21:06

Sanal POS nedir? Sanal POS ücretleri nedir? Sanal POS nasıl alınır? Sanal POS entegrasyonu nasıl yapılır?


Uzaktan Çalışma Yönetmeliği Yayımlandı! Uzaktan çalışmaya geçişin şartları nedir?

10.03.2021 13:35:06

Uzaktan Çalışma Yönetmeliği Resmi Gazetede yayımlanarak yürürlüğe girdi.


Bulut Bilişim Nedir? Neden Önemlidir? Bulut Bilişim Dağıtım Modelleri Nelerdir?

1.07.2020 23:20:22

Sunucu, depolama, veri tabanı, ağ, yazılım gibi hizmetlerinin internet üzerinden sağlanmasıdır.


Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan'dan Dijital Dönüşüm Açıklaması

10.12.2020 13:10:50

Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan "Tüm üretim altyapımızın dijital dönüşümünü hızlandırmamız gerekiyor!"


Bulut Bilişimin Kullanım Alanları Nelerdir?

3.07.2020 14:07:53

Bulut bilişimin en yaygın kullanım alanları veri depolama, yedekleme ve kurtarmadır.


Bulut Bilişimin Avantajları Nelerdir? "Cloud Computing" Ne Sağlar?

28.07.2020 12:23:22

Bulut teknolojisi sayesinde her ölçekten firma erişmeleri muhtemel olmayan teknolojilere ulaşma imkanına sahip olur.


Kurumsal Özel Yazılım Nedir? Yerli Yazılım Firmaları, Mobil Yazılım Geliştirme

11.01.2020 16:14:37

Yazılım şirketleri ne iş yapar? Yazılım çözümleri nedir? Özel, kurumsal ve mobil yazılım nedir?


Bulut Bilişim Hizmet Modelleri : IaaS, PaaS, SaaS Nedir? Avantajları Nelerdir?

30.07.2020 17:30:38

Bulut bilişim hizmeti, 3 kategoriden oluşmaktadır. Iaas, Paas, SaaS Nedir? Ne Fayda Sağlar?


Dijital Tarihçe Sözlüğü: API, BlOG, CSS, FTP, HTML, SQL, XML...

1.08.2019 10:37:25

Dijital Tarihçe Sözlüğü, Api, blog, css, cms, csv, ftp, gif, html, jpeg, lms, sql, xml.. nedir...


Dijital Dönüşüm'de Başarının Sırrı; İnsan Kaynakları

30.11.2019 16:13:48

Dijital çağa ayak uydurmak, sürekli yenilenmek ve geleceğe yönelik yeni stratejiler oluşturmak basit bir iş değil. 


Teknoloji Geliştirme Bölgeleri Kanununda Değişiklik Yapıldı

3.02.2021 11:02:52

Teknoloji Geliştirme Bölgeleri Kanunu ile bazı kanunlarda değişiklik yapılmasına dair kanun.


Dijital Noter Dönemi Yakında Başlıyor!

10.08.2019 11:55:29

Dijital noter uygulaması ile tüm noterler birbirine bağlanıyor. Belgelerin kaybolmasına son verilecek!


ERP Nedir, ERP Ne İşe Yarar? ERP Seçerken Nelere Dikkat Edilir?

25.02.2020 10:56:55

ERP nedir? Ne işe Yarar? ERP hangi modüllerden oluşur? ERP seçerken nelere dikkat edilir?


İnovasyon Lideri Nasıl Olunur?

9.03.2020 10:28:35

İnovasyon, var olan bir soruna yeni bir bakış açısı, farklı bir çözüm getirir ve değer katar.


Sürdürülebilir Büyüme için Dijital Dönüşüm Şart

2.03.2020 14:34:26

KOBİ'ler, orta ve büyük ölçekli firmalar ve hatta tüm ekonomi dijital çağa ayak uydurmak zorunda.


MERSİS Nedir? MERSİS No Nasıl Alınır? Merkezi Sicil Kayıt Sistemi Sorgulama Nasıl Yapılır?

2.08.2021 11:56:31

Merkezi Sicil Kayıt Sistemi, kamunun dijital hizmetleri için hazırlanan dört veri tabanından biridir.


Blokzincir Teknolojisi Nedir? Blockchain Kullanım Alanları Nelerdir?

11.06.2020 15:57:09

Blokzincir teknolojisinin en önemli özelliği merkezi olmayan bir doğrulama sistemine sahip olmasıdır.


Dijital Çağın Dijital Tesisatlarını Ne Kadar Biliyoruz?

26.08.2019 12:02:27

Facebook pixel, Google analytics pixsel, Google reklam pixel'i, Criteo ....


Blokzincir Kavramları ve Anlamları Nedir?

11.06.2020 16:09:14

Blokzincir (Blockchain) teknolojisinde en çok karşılaşılan terimler ve anlamları.


KEP Nedir? Kep Ne İşe Yarar? Kayıtlı Elektronik Posta Adresi Nasıl Alınır?

10.09.2021 13:58:47

Kayıtlı Elektronik Posta veya kısaltılmış hali ile KEP, kanuni olarak geçerliliği olan güvenli elektronik postadır.


Dijital Para Nedir? Dijital Türk Lirası İşbirliği Platformu Nedir?

16.09.2021 15:02:58

Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası tarafından Dijital Türk Lirası İşbirliği Platformu kuruldu.


Nesnelerin İnterneti IoT Nedir? Ne İşe Yarar? Nesnelerin İnterneti Kullanım Alanları Nelerdir?

12.10.2020 17:04:25

Nesnelerin internetinin İngilizce karşılığı Internet of Things kısaca IoT olarak da bilinmektedir.


TC Kimlik Kartlarına Uzaktan Nitelikli Elektronik Sertifika NES (e-İmza) Yüklenebilecek!

18.10.2021 15:50:35

NES başvuru sahiplerinin kimliklerinin TC Kimlik Kartı vasıtasıyla uzaktan doğrulanarak TC Kimlik Kartlarına uzaktan NES (e-imza) yüklenebilecek.


2022 e-Müstahsil Makbuzu e-MM Zorunluluğu Nedir?

 22 Ekim 2021 Cuma

e-Müstahsil Makbuzuna nasıl geçiş yapılır? 2022 e-Müstahsil Makbuzu e-MM zorunluluğu nedir?


TC Kimlik Kartlarına Uzaktan Nitelikli Elektronik Sertifika NES (e-İmza) Yüklenebilecek!

 18 Ekim 2021 Pazartesi

NES başvuru sahiplerinin kimliklerinin TC Kimlik Kartı vasıtasıyla uzaktan doğrulanarak TC Kimlik Kartlarına uzaktan NES (e-imza) yüklenebilecek.


Sağlık Sektöründeki Veri Sorumluları VERBİS'e Kayıt Olmak Zorunda Mı?

 15 Ekim 2021 Cuma

Doktorlar, Muayenehaneler, Klinikler veya Hastaneler VERBİS'e kayıt olmak zorunda mı?


Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu'nun Önemi Nedir?

 13 Ekim 2021 Çarşamba

KVKK sadece veri güvenliğinin korunmasını değil aynı zamanda pazarlama ve reklam sektörünün...


KVKK Aydınlatma Metni Nasıl Hazırlanır? Aydınlatma Metni Hazırlarken Dikkat Edilmesi Gereken Konular Nelerdir?

 7 Ekim 2021 Perşembe

Aydınlatma metinlerinde açık, kolay anlaşılır ve mümkün olduğunca sade bir dil kullanılmalıdır.


2022 e-Serbest Meslek Makbuzu e-SMM Zorunluluğu Nedir?

 7 Ekim 2021 Perşembe

e-Serbest Meslek Makbuzuna nasıl geçiş yapılır? 2022 e-Serbest Meslek Makbuzu e-SMM zorunluluğu nedir?


KVKK Aydınlatma Metni Nedir? Aydınlatma Yükümlülüğü Nedir? KVKK Aydınlatma Yükümlülüğü Nasıl Yerine Getirilir?

 5 Ekim 2021 Salı

Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü, veri sorumluları için getirilmiş bir yükümlülüktür.


e-Döviz Alım Satım Belgesi Nedir? Nasıl Düzenlenir? Geçiş Zorunluluğu Nedir?

 1 Ekim 2021 Cuma

e-Döviz Alım Satım Belgesi, kağıt ortamdaki Döviz Alım/Satım belgeleri ile aynı hukuki niteliklere sahiptir.


2022 e-Defter Zorunluluğu Nedir? 2022 e-Defter Geçiş Süresi Nedir?

 30 Eylül 2021 Perşembe

e-Defter başvurusu nasıl yapılır? e-Defter başvurusunda dikkat edilecek konular nelerdir?


Covid 19 ve PCR Test Sonuçları KVKK Kapsamında İşlenebilir Mi?

 29 Eylül 2021 Çarşamba

Yetkili kurumlar ve işverenler, Covid 19 aşısı ve PCR test sonucu bilgisini KVKK kapsamında işleyebilecek.